Top 10 Costliest Large-Loss Fires In U.S. History

($ millions)

      Estimated loss (1)
Rank Date Location/event Dollars when occurred In 2018 dollars (2)
1 Sep. 11, 2001 World Trade Center (terrorist attacks) $33,400 $47,400 (3)
2 Oct. 8, 2017 Northern CA Wildland Urban Interface fire 10,000 10,200
3 Apr. 18, 1906 San Francisco Earthquake and Fire 350 9,700
4 Nov. 8, 2018 Camp Wildland Urban Interface fire 8,500 8,500
5 Oct. 8-9, 1871 Great Chicago Fire 168 3,500
6 Nov. 8, 2018 Woolsey Wildland Urban Interface fire 2,900 2,900
7 Oct. 20, 1991 Oakland, CA, firestorm 1,500 2,800
8 Oct. 20, 2007 San Diego County, CA, The Southern California Firestorm 1,800 2,200
9 Dec. 14, 2017 Southern CA Wildland Urban Interface fire 1,800 1,800
10 Sep. 12, 2015 Valley Fire, CA, Wildland Urban Interface fire 1,500 1,600
(1) Loss estimates are from National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) records. The list is limited to fires for which some reliable dollar loss estimates exists. (2) Adjustment to 2018 dollars made by the NFPA using the Consumer Price Index, including the U.S. Census Bureau's estimates of the index for historical times. (3) Differs from inflation-adjusted estimates made by other organizations due to the use of different deflators. Source: Reproduced with permission, ©2019 National Fire Protection Association www.nfpa.org.